Some people dismiss an apology as “just words.” A gesture without substance. The words of the minister perform a legally-enforceable action. But the following are also “just words.” Or are they something more? Minister: By the power vested in me, I now pronounce you married. Jury: We, the jury, find the defendant guilty. Judge: I hereby sentence you to 55 years in state prison. King: I dub thee knight. Official: I now christen this ship The Constellation. Boss: You’re fired!